Jumping Mechanography: Reference Centiles in Childhood and Introduction of the Nerve-Muscle Index to Quantify Motor Efficiency.

Abstract

Jumping mechanography provides robust motor function indicators among children. The study aim was to develop centiles for the single 2-leg jump (S2LJ) in German children and adolescents and to identify differences in children with obesity. Data were collected in 2004-2021 through the German DOrtmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed (DONALD) study. All participants (6-18 years, mean age 11.4) performed annually an S2LJ aiming for maximum height on a Ground Reaction Force Platform. LMS (lambda-mu-sigma), including resampling, was used to develop centiles for velocity (v(max)), jump height (h(max)), relative force (F(max)/BW), relative power (P(max)/mass), impulse asymmetry and a new parameter to describe jump efficiency, the Nerve-Muscle Index (NMI), defined as v(max)/(F(max)/BW). Data from 882 children and adolescents were analyzed (3062 measurements, median 3 per individual). In females, F(max)/BW values were higher in younger age but remained constant in adolescence. v(max), h(max) and P(max)/mass increased in childhood, reaching a plateau in adolescence. In males, v(max), h(max) and P(max)/mass showed a constant increase and the F(max)/BW remained lower. Children with obesity showed lower F(max)/BW, h(max), v(max) and the NMI, hence, lower velocity per relative force unit and less efficient jump. The centiles should be used to monitor motor development in childhood. The NMI is a surrogate for motor efficiency.

Author: Martakis K, Alexy U, Stark C, Hahn A, Rawer R, Duran I, Schonau E

Organization: Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and University Hospital Cologne, Kerpener Strasse 62, 50937 Cologne, Germany.

Year: 2023

GID: 6072

Created on: 09.10.2023

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