Feasibility of simple exercise interventions for men with osteoporosis – A prospective randomized controlled pilot study.


Background: Aging is associated with progressive loss of musculoskeletal performance. Exercise interventions can improve physical function in the elderly but there is a paucity of comparative assessments in order to understand what specific goals can be achieved particularly with less demanding exercise interventions readily accessible for untrained men. Methods: Prospective randomized, controlled, single center exploratory trial to compare four distinct exercise interventions, i.e. Resistance Training (RT), Whole Body Vibration Exercise (WBV), Qi Gong (QG) and wearing a Spinal orthosis (SO) for 6 months in men at risk for osteoporosis aged 65-90 years. Primary endpoint was change in isometric one repetition maximum force trunk strength for extension (TSE) and flexion (TSF) compared to baseline, secondary endpoints covered key parameters of geriatric functional assessment, including Handgrip Strength (HS), Chair-Rise-Test (CRT), Usual Gait Speed (UGS) and Timed-Up-and-Go (TUG). Results: Altogether 47 men (mean age 77 +/-6.1 years) were randomized to RT, (n = 11) WBV (n = 13), QG (n = 10) and SO(n = 13). RT, defined as reference exercise intervention, lead to significant improvements for TSE (p = 0.009) and TSF (p = 0.013) and was significantly superior in the between-group analysis for TSE (p = 0.038). Vibration exercise caused sign. Improvements in TSE (p = 0.014) and CRT (p = 0.005), the Spinal orthosis improved CRT (p = 0.003) and Gait Speed (p = 0.027), while the QG intervention did not attain any sig. Developments.Subgroup analyses revealed most pronounced musculoskeletal progress in vulnerable patients (age >/= 80 years, pre-sarcopenia, multimorbidity >/=3chronic diseases). Irrespective of the type of exercise, participants >/=80 years experienced significant gains in TSE (p = 0.029) and CRT (p = 0.017). Presarcopenic subjects (Skeletal muscle Index (SMI) </=10.75 kg/m(2)) improved in TSE (p = 0.003), CRT (p = 0.001) and UGS (p = 0.016). Multimorbid participants achieved sig. Gains in TSE (p < 0.001), TSF (p = 0.002), UGS (p = 0.036) and HS (p = 0.046). Conclusions: In this exploratory trial we found that simple exercise interventions are feasible in elderly men eliciting specific benefits, i.e. improvements are attained in those tasks addressed with the respective exercise modality. While targeted resistance training is superior in increasing TSE, alternative simple exercise interventions also appear to elicit beneficial effects, even in vulnerable patients, i.e. those with low muscle mass, above 80 years of age or multimorbidity.

Further information:

Author: Genest F, Lindstrom S, Scherer S, Schneider M, Seefried L

Organization: Clinical Trial Unit, Orthopedic Department, University of Wuerzburg, Germany.

Year: 2021

GID: 5493

Created on: 19.07.2021

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