Beneficial effects of denosumab on muscle performance in patients with low BMD: a retrospective, propensity score-matched study.


This study examined the effects of denosumab compared to bisphosphonates and vitamin D alone on muscle performance in patients with low BMD. While grip force improved in both the denosumab and bisphosphonate group, a superior increase in chair rising test force was observed in the denosumab group.

Introduction: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of the anti-resorptive agent denosumab (Dmab) on upper and lower limb muscle performance compared to bisphosphonate (BP) treatment and vitamin D supplementation alone (i.e., basic therapy) in patients with low BMD.

Methods: This retrospective, propensity score-matched (sex, age, BMI, follow-up time) cohort study included 150 osteopenic or osteoporotic patients receiving basic (n = 60), BP (n = 30) or Dmab (n = 60) therapy. All patients underwent a musculoskeletal assessment at baseline and follow-up, including DXA, laboratory bone metabolism parameters, grip force, and chair rising test mechanography. Mean annual percentage changes were calculated and compared between study groups.

Results: After a mean follow-up period of 17.6 ± 9.0 months, a significantly higher increase in grip force in both the Dmab (p < 0.001) and BP group (p = 0.001) compared to the vitamin D group was observed (vitamin D = - 6.1 ± 10.2%; BP = + 0.8 ± 8.2%; Dmab = + 5.1 ± 25.5%). The Dmab group showed a significantly higher increase in chair rising test force compared to the BP group (vitamin D = + 5.8 ± 12.7%; BP = + 0.9 ± 8.6%; Dmab = + 8.2 ± 14.4%; Dmab vs. BP p = 0.03). Neither the changes in BMD nor in bone metabolic parameters were associated with changes in muscle performance. Conclusion: Dmab resulted in increased muscle strength in the upper and lower limbs, indicating systemic rather than site-specific effects as compared to BP. Based on these findings, Dmab might be favored over other osteoporosis treatments in patients with low BMD and poor muscle strength.

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Autor: Rupp T, von Vopelius E, Strahl A, Oheim R, Barvencik F, Amling M, Rolvien T

Organisation: Department of Osteology and Biomechanics, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Lottestrasse 59, 20259, Hamburg, Germany.

Jahr: 2022

GID: 5735

Erstellt am: 28.06.2022

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